Environmental management systems

BAS EN ISO 14001:2016 (EN ISO 14001:2015; ISO 14001:2015)  specifies the requirements for an environmental management system that an organization can use to enhance its environmental performance. This International Standard is intended for use by an organization seeking to manage its environmental responsibilities in a systematic manner that contributes to the environmental pillar of sustainability.

This standard helps an organization achieve the intended outcomes of its environmental management system, which provide value for the environment, the organization itself and interested parties. Consistent with the organization's environmental policy, the intended outcomes of an environmental management system include:

–  enhancement of environmental performance;

–  fulfilment of compliance obligations;

–  achievement of environmental objectives.

This standard is applicable to any organization, regardless of size, type and nature, and applies to the environmental aspects of its activities, products and services that the organization determines it can either control or influence considering a life cycle perspective. This International Standard does not state specific environmental performance criteria.

This standard can be used in whole or in part to systematically improve environmental management. Claims of conformity to this International Standard, however, are not acceptable unless all its requirements are incorporated into an organization's environmental management system and fulfilled without exclusion.

BAS EN ISO 14004:2013 (EN ISO 14004:2010, ISO 14004:2004) provides guidance on the establishment, implementation, maintenance and improvement of an environmental management system and its coordination with other management systems.

While this environmental management system is not intended to manage occupational health and safety issues, these can be included when an organization seeks to implement an integrated environmental and occupational health and safety management system.

The guidelines in this International Standard are applicable to any organization, regardless of its size, type, location or level of maturity. While the guidelines in this International Standard are consistent with the ISO 14001 environmental management system model, they are not intended to provide interpretations of the requirements of ISO 14001.

BAS EN ISO 14006:2013 (EN ISO 14006:2011; ISO 14006:2011) provides guidelines to assist organizations in establishing, documenting, implementing, maintaining and continually improving their management of ecodesign as part of an environmental management system (EMS). This standard is intended to be used by those organizations that have implemented an EMS in accordance with ISO 14001, but can help in integrating ecodesign in other management systems. The guidelines are applicable to any organization regardless of its size or activity.

BAS ISO 14006:2013 applies to those product-related environmental aspects that the organization can control and those it can influence. BAS ISO 14006:2013 does not establish by itself specific environmental performance criteria, and is not intended for certification purposes.

BAS EN ISO 14015:2011 (EN ISO 14015:2010; ISO 14015:2001 provides guidance on how to conduct an EASO through a systematic process of identifying environmental aspects and environmental issues and determining, if appropriate, their business consequences.

This standard covers the roles and responsibilities of the parties to the assessment (the client, the assessor and the representative of the assessee), and the stages of the assessment process (planning, information gathering and validation, evaluation and reporting).

BAS EN ISO 14020:2011 (EN ISO 14020:2001; ISO 14020:2000)establishes guiding principles for the development and use of environmental labels and declarations. It is intended that other applicable standards in the ISO 14020 series be used in conjunction with this International Standard. This standard is not intended for use as a specification for certification and registration purposes.

BAS EN ISO 14021:2001 (EN ISO 14021:2001; ISO 14021:1999) specifies requirements for self-declared environmental claims, including statements, symbols and graphics, regarding products. It further describes selected terms commonly used in environmental claims and gives qualifications for their use.

This standard does not preclude, override, or in any way change, legally required environmental information, claims or labelling, or any other applicable legal requirements.

BAS EN ISO 14024:2002 (EN ISO 14024:2000; ISO 14024:1999) establishes the principles and procedures for developing Type I environmental labelling programmes, including the selection of product categories, product environmental criteria and product function characteristics; and for assessing and demonstrating compliance. This standard also establishes the certification procedures for awarding the label.

BAS EN ISO 14025:2011 (EN ISO 14025:2010; ISO 14025:2006) establishes the principles and specifies the procedures for developing Type III environmental declaration programmes and Type III environmental declarations. It specifically establishes the use of the ISO 14040 series of standards in the development of Type III environmental declaration programmes and Type III environmental declarations. This standard establishes principles for the use of environmental information, in addition to those given in ISO 14020.

BAS EN ISO 14031:2015 (EN ISO 14031:2013; ISO 14031:2013)  gives guidance on the design and use of environmental performance evaluation (EPE) within an organization. It is applicable to all organizations, regardless of type, size, location and complexity. ISO 14031:2013 does not establish environmental performance levels.

BAS EN ISO 14040:2008 (EN ISO 14040:2006; ISO 14040:2006)describes the principles and framework for life cycle assessment (LCA). Standard  covers life cycle assessment (LCA) studies and life cycle inventory (LCI) studies, the life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) phase, the life cycle interpretation phase, reporting and critical review of the LCA, limitations of the LCA, the relationship between the LCA phases, and conditions for use of value choices and optional elements.

It does not describe the LCA technique in detail, nor does it specify methodologies for the individual phases of the LCA.

BAS EN ISO 14044:2008 (EN ISO 14044:2006; ISO 14044:2006) specifies requirements and provides guidelines for life cycle assessment (LCA).

This standard covers life cycle assessment (LCA) studies and life cycle inventory (LCI) studies.

BAS EN ISO 14045:2013 (EN ISO 14045:2012; ISO 14045:2012) describes the principles, requirements and guidelines for eco-efficiency assessment for product systems including:

–  the goal and scope definition of the eco-efficiency assessment;

–  the environmental assessment;

–  the product-system-value assessment;

–  the quantification of eco-efficiency;

–  interpretation (including quality assurance);

–  reporting;

–  critical review of the eco-efficiency assessment.

Requirements, recommendations and guidelines for specific choices of categories of environmental impact and values are not included.

BAS EN ISO 14050:2012 (EN ISO 14050:2010; ISO 14050:2009) defines terms of fundamental concepts related to environmental management, published in the ISO 14000 series of International Standards.

BAS EN ISO 14051:2013 (EN ISO 14051:2011; ISO 14051:2011) provides a general framework for material flow cost accounting (MFCA). Under MFCA, the flows and stocks of materials within an organization are traced and quantified in physical units (e.g. mass, volume) and the costs associated with those material flows are also evaluated. The resulting information can act as a motivator for organizations and managers to seek opportunities to simultaneously generate financial benefits and reduce adverse environmental impacts.

BAS EN ISO 14063:2011 (EN ISO 14063:2010; ISO 14063:2006) gives guidance to an organization on general principles, policy, strategy and activities relating to both internal and external environmental communication.

BAS EN ISO 14065:2015 (EN ISO 14065:2013; ISO 14065:2013) specifies principles and requirements for bodies that undertake validation or verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) assertions.

BAS ISO 14064-1:2012 (ISO 14064-1:2006)  specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for quantification and reporting of greehouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It includes requirements for the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organization's GHG inventory.

BAS ISO 14064-2:2012 (ISO 14064-2:2006) specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance at the project level for quantification, monitoring and reporting of activities intended to cause greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions or removal enhancements. It includes requirements for planning a GHG project, identifying and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs relevant to the project and baseline scenario, monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data quality.

BAS ISO 14064-3:2008 (ISO 14064-3:2006) specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance for those conducting or managing the validation and/or verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) assertions.

This standard specifies requirements for selecting GHG validators/verifiers, establishing the level of assurance, objectives, criteria and scope, determining the validation/verification approach, assessing GHG data, information, information systems and controls, evaluating GHG assertions and preparing validation/verification statements.

BAS ISO 14066:2012 (ISO 14066:2011)  specifies competence requirements for validation teams and verification teams. This standard complements the implementation of ISO 14065. Standard is not linked to any particular greenhouse gas (GHG) programme. If a particular GHG programme is applicable, competence requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of this standard.

BAS ISO/TR 14047:2015 (ISO/TR 14047:2012) provides examples to illustrate current practice of life cycle impact assessment according to ISO 14044:2006. These examples are only a sample of all possible examples that could satisfy the provisions of ISO 14044, they are not exclusive and other examples exist to illustrate the methodological issues described.

BAS ISO/TS 14048:2003 (ISO/TS 14048:2002) provides the requirements and a structure for a data documentation format, to be used for transparent and unambiguous documentation and exchange of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data.

BAS ISO/TR 14049:2015 (ISO/TR 14049:2012)  provides illustrative examples on how to apply ISO 14044 to goal and scope definition and inventory analysis.

BAS ISO/TR 14062:2004 (ISO/TR 14062:2002)  describes concepts and current practices relating to the integration of environmental aspects into product design and development, where “product” is understood to cover both goods and services. This Technical Report is applicable to the development of sector-specific documents. It is not applicable as a specification for certification and registration purposes.

BAS CEN ISO/TS 14067:2015 (CEN ISO/TS 14067:2014; ISO/TS 14067:2013) specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification and communication of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP), based on International Standards on life cycle assessment (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044) for quantification and on environmental labels and declarations (ISO 14020, ISO 14024 and ISO 14025) for communication.